In France, the consortium, which is part of a joint venture, has important theoretical and practical importance. The French legal system does not contain a definition and does not explicitly use the concept of a joint venture or consortium (temporary groups of companies). The consortium agreement in France is a purely contractual cooperation contract that does not involve the creation of a third party. The consortium has no legal personality or legal personality. The contract is concluded between two or more individuals or corporations who undertake to carry out certain works in order to carry out a common project that the members of the consortium could not carry out themselves. The consortium agreement is not expressly governed by the French legislator, but it is authorized in light of the principle of contractual freedom set out in s. 6 and 1134 of the French Civil Code.  In the United States, the video streaming service Hulu is a consortium of major media companies such as Comcast, Time Warner, the Walt Disney Company and 21st Century Fox. For example, GENIVI Alliance is a non-profit consortium between various car manufacturers to facilitate the implementation of an information system in vehicles. A non-profit consortium is the Appalas Collegiate Association (ACA), headquartered in Richmond, Kentucky. The association consists of 35 private liberal arts colleges and universities, spread over the central Appalachian Mountains in Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. In total, these higher education institutions employ approximately 42,500 students.
Six local research universities (University of Kentucky, University of North Carolina, University of Tennessee, University of West Virginia, University of Virginia and Virginia Tech) are affiliated with the ACA. These institutions help the ACA review scholarship applications, organize workshops and provide technical assistance. The ACA works for higher education in rural areas of these five countries. Amendments and amendments to the text of this consortium agreement, which are not expressly listed in Article 188.8.131.52, require a separate agreement between all parties. Keep in mind that a consortium only takes into account the customer bidder`s references in terms of the financial and technical qualifications of many clients, while a joint venture can cope with the technical and financial influence of its promoters.