Arusha Agreement 2000

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In the Arusha Agreement, the parties agreed that the government should take institutional steps to return, resettle and reintegrate refugees and internally displaced persons. In this context, a National Commission for the Rehabilitation of Siists (CNRS) for the return, resettlement and reintegration of refugees and displaced persons has been called for. Within the CNRS, a subcommittee has been set up to deal with the issue of the country belonging to displaced persons or refugees, but occupied by others. The parties also agreed to provide food aid, health, education, agriculture and reconstruction for returnees and IDPS. In 2000, 6,843 refugees were repatriated 27,885 in 2001 and 53,287 in 2002.1 According to estimates, some 839,000 Burundian refugees were in neighbouring countries, including 200,000 in Tanzania.2 (a) preparing an emergency plan for reconstruction within six weeks of the signing of the peace agreement. During the development of this plan, the National Commission for the Rehabilitation of Claims will be consulted and invited to make proposals. This contingency plan will also serve as a basis for discussion at a donor conference; The agreement provided for the creation of a technical committee composed of representatives of the Burundian armed forces, fighters from political parties and political movements and external military advisers. The transitional government was tasked with determining the size of the national defence forces, in consultation with the technical committee. According to the agreement, political, ethnic, regional and gender-based criteria would be used to determine defence force imbalances, but the new force would consist of 60% government army officers and 40% of the FDD. But the new force would have no more than 50% of ethnic groups.1 In order to facilitate the return of refugees, particularly from Tanzania, UNHCR, Tanzania and the Burundian government reached an agreement on voluntary repatriation in early May 2001.3 In September, Burundian officials visited refugee camps in northwestern Tanzania4. , Mr Elie Buconyori, Mrs Ruth Gakima, Mrs Liberate Kiburago, Mr Gerard Niyungeko and Mr Jean-Berchmans Nterere. The OAU appointed Mr. Mamdou Bah.2 The Great Lake region and donors were not yet ready to appoint their representatives.

The first BMI meeting took place on November 30, 2000 (3).

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